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Florida's Nature

Native & exotic Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Wildflowers. Landscape plants. Birds, Mammals, Insects, Reptiles, Amphibians and Habitats

Why are native plants so importatant?

The preservation of Florida's wildlife is dependent on the preservation of its native plant species and habitats.
These plants provide food directly to the herbivores and omnivores and in turn feed everything from fish & birds to the Florida Panther.

So basically without native plants, native animals that are adapted to utilize these plants and their flowers and fruits as food sources as well as breeding and nesting sites also disappear. The vast majority of imported plants provide nothing to the local animal life.

Plants that existed in Florida prior to the first European contact, occurring as part of the natural landscape & apart from human influence are considered native.

Exotic & invasive exotic plants

Many exotic plants found in the wild are "naturalized". Naturalized plants are any imported plant that persists in the wild on its own without being cultivated.

There are more than 67 introduced plants in Florida that are considered invasive. These overwhelm & crowd out our native plants, causing extensive damage to all types of ecosystems & habitats and threatening the food supply and very survival of all of Florida's wildlife. Florida has a subtropical to tropical rainforest climate with mild winters and hot, humid summers that encourage rapid growth in non-native species that already have an advantage of having no natural controling factors like pests or disease.

Below is an example of an Exotic Invasive plant, notice the Old world climbing fern is covering everthing, even the Cypress trees are not immune...spores from this fern - that more resembles a vine are spread by animals, people and even vehicles that travel through an infested area.

What makes it a Tree, Shrub or Herb?

A tree is generally described as a single stemmed woody plant with a distinct canopy or crown & a height of 15 feet or more.

A shrub is also woody stemmed, usually with multiple stems or trunks which rarely or never exceed 13 - 15 feet. In many cases a plant can grow either as a small tree or large shrub. Southern Wax myrtle , a popular landscape plant is one example.

Herbaceous plants, or Herbs, are those smaller plants with little or no real woody growth, they may be annual, bi-annual or perennial. These can have single or multiple stems and are under 5 feet tall.

Many of Florida's wildflowers are herbaceous in form, these include vines and can be found in the wild flowering plants section of this website.

Florida offers a wide variety of outdoor activities from coast to coast. Surfing, diving, fishing, birding and boating to hiking or camping, opportunities to explore Florida's Nature abound!

Seven major ecosystems are recognized in Florida, with as many as 82 distinct natural plant and animal communities.

A relatively flat landscape & slight changes in elevation cause extreme changes in the type of habitat found in an area - in some places near desert-like conditions of scrub habitat occur on the boundaries of marshes.

With our great diversity of natural resources it's important that we preserve as much as possible not only for ourselves but for future generations of residents and visitors alike.

Florida's environment faces serious challenges ranging from loss of natural habitat, altered natural water flows and invasive exotic species that threaten the very things that make Florida a great place to live and visit.

Birding in Florida

500 plus species of birds either as year round residents or migratory visitors makes The Great Florida Birding and Wildlife Trail a world class self guided birding tour that covers 2000+ highway miles with 515 viewing stops and more being added!

Operated by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Service, the "trail" is divided in four sections - Panhandle, West, East, and South and connects many sites generally known only by locals with our many nationally recognized birding sites. Maps, booklets and regional guides are available online as well as in print.

Current Events &
Environmental News

A Key West Tropical Forest & Botanical Garden plant sale - Third Saturday of the month 10-12 A.M.
Key West Tropical Forest & Botanical Garden
5210 College Road
Key West, FL 33040
(305) 296-1504


Deland - This October 20-23 at the Sanborn Activity and Event Center in Deland, Fl. the Florida Trail Association will we hold a conference and celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Florida Trail Association!


Blue-green algae is toxic to animals and people and has already cost millions in lost revenue to businesses on both coasts.Support clean water for South Florida. Sign the Now or Neverglades Clean Water Declaration before it's too late... *Click here to sign now*