Rough Velvetseed (Guettarda scabra
Family - Rubiaceae
Rough Velvetseed grows as a small tree or large shrub to
about 15 feet in height, and is native to S. Florida.
Leaves are oval, 2-4 inches long and covered with short
stiff hairs, and are rough to the touch. Tubular white flowers
are produced year-round, followed by roundish red
berries covered with a velvety pubescence.
Rough Velvetseed can be found in
moist to fairly dry soils in Pinelands and Hammocks
of the Keys, Monroe, Dade, Palm Beach and Martin
counties as an understory shrub or small tree.
Florida Boxwood (Schaefferia
Family - Celastraceae
This Florida native grows as a small tree or multi-stemmed shrub
20 feet. The bark is light brown and smooth,
becoming gray and furrowed with age. Leaves are
elliptical to obovate, alternate, 2 -3 inches long and are
light green in color. Flowers are small, light yellowish
green in color and are produced in clusters at the leaf
Endangered within the state of Florida, this
tree is also is found throughout
parts of the Caribbean and South America.
Pyramid Bush (Melochia tomentosa)
Family - Sterculiaceae
Related to chocolate plants, the Pyramid Bush is a small
native shrub of dry Pinelands in South Florida. Also
known as Tea Bush, Wooly Pyramid, and Broom Weed this
plant is gaining popularity as a Florida landscape shrub
because it grows well in dry, harsh conditions and
produces flowers from spring through winter. Attractive to
Butterflies and Humming birds, the flowers range from
pinkish to almost purple, the lanceolate leaves have
serrated margins, are covered in short soft hairs and
have a silver gray hue.
Pineland Croton (Croton linearis)
Family - Euphorbiaceae
Limited to the southern most part of Florida and the
Florida Keys, Pineland Croton is a clump forming , many
stemmed, sprawling shrub.
Growing to about 6 feet tall,
Pineland Croton is found primarily in Pine Rockland
habitat, it has also been found in Palm beach, Martin
and St. Lucie counties.
Habit of growth is as a thin
stemmed sprawling shrub. Leaves are alternate, simple
with entire margins, linear, dark green above and
silvery on the bottom, 3-4 inches long. Flowers are
small, white and are produced year-round on racemes.
Scorpions-tail (Heliotropium angiospermum Murray)
Family - Boraginaceae
The Scorpions-tail is a 1 - 3 foot tall, native
herbaceous plant with a woody base and a somewhat
sprawling habit of growth.
Range is from the upper Keys
north to around Jacksonville on the east coast and Tampa
on the west.
Scorpions-tail is found mainly as an
understory plant in Hammocks near the coast. This plant
is used by many butterflies as a nectar plant.
Pineland Strongbark, Little Strongbark (Bourreria
Rare native shrub, also known as Strongback. Found
in Monroe and Miami-Dade counties in Pine rockland
habitat, grows to 10 feet or less in height, usually
with many stems.
Leaves are alternate, variable, elliptical to ovate with
entire margins. Flowers are white, tubular with five
petals followed by orange fruit.
Button Sage, Wild Sage, White Lantana (Lantana involucrata
Family - Verbenaceae
This native Lantana is primarily found growing near
the coast at the margins of Hammocks, behind the
dune line and in the Pine Rocklands habitat of
extreme S. Florida.
Leaves are pale green, opposite, simple, oval with
slightly crenate or toothed margins, covered with
small hairs, rough to the touch, less than 1 1/2
inches in length. Leaves have a sage like smell when
crushed. Plant is 7 feet or less in height with a
open habit of growth and thin stems.
Flowers are produced year-round in clusters and are
white, often with a lavender or or pale bluish tint.
Fruit is a small purple drupe. Button sage is a
nectar plant for many Butterflies.
Seacoast Marshelder, Beach Elder (Iva imbricata)
Family - Asteraceae
Small native perennial shrub, sub-shrub found in
coastal strand and beach dune habitat. The Seacoast
Marshelder is an important pioneer plant that grows
in direct contact with salt spray and helps to bind
dunes and prevent erosion. 2-3 feet tall with a
spreading habit of growth, the stems root when they
contact the sand.
Leaves are succulent, smooth, light green with
entire margins, up to 2 inches long, plant stems are
reddish when young and turn tan as they age. Flowers
are small and green. Seacoast marshelder is found in
most (possibly all) coastal counties throughout
Saltwort, Turtleweed (Batis maritima L.)
Subshrub. This native perennial colonizes areas that are
occasionally inundated or directly in contact with
brackish/salt water, or direct salt spray.
Able to sequester salt away in its leaf cells, Saltwort
then sheds the leaf and the excess salt. This gives this
plant the ability to grow in places where not many other
plants can compete with it.
Saltwort can be found on brackish water river banks,
beach dunes, in salt marshes and Mangrove swamps on both the east and west coast of Florida.
Habit of growth is as a sprawling shrub, rarely
exceeding 2-3 feet in height. Stems root where they
contact soil, older stems are woody, bright green leaves
are linear, opposite, succulent with smooth margins.
White to yellowish flowers are produced on small spikes
in spring and summer. Rough textured, green, berry like
Native Trees & Shrubs - 1