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Wild Florida Vines

Vine Galleries - 1 2 3 4

On this page - Maypop Vine, Poison Ivy, Virginia Creeper, Balsam apple, Lovevine, Laurel leafed Greenbriar,
Common Greenbrier, Saw Greenbrier, Muscadine Grape, Calusa Grape

Click any image for a larger version

Butterfly

Maypop Vine, Passion Flower Vine - Passiflora incarnata

Family - Passiflora

Habitat - Sunny  areas on moist, well drained sandy soils. Disturbed sites.

Description - Native perennial vine climbing up to about 10 feet by tendrils, dies to the ground in winter, sending up sprouts from the roots the following spring. One of several Passiflora Spp. which are native to Florida. Leaves are alternate, palmately lobed with 3 and occasionally 5 lobes, leaf margins are serrate. Fruit is a berry, shaped like & about the size of an egg, containing many seeds. Nectar & larval host plant for butterflies including the Gulf fritillary & Zebra longwing, Florida's state butterfly.

Flower - Showy, intricate pale lavender flowers 2-3 inches in diameter are produced from spring though summer.

Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) leaf Poison Ivy Leaf

Eastern Poison Ivy - Toxicodendron radicans spp. radicans

Family - Anacardiaceae

Habitat - Pine Flatwoods, Hammocks, Hardwood Swamps and forests statewide.

Description - Native Florida vine. Perennial. Contact with any part of plant can cause rashes and blisters that may require medical treatment.

Leaf appearance is somewhat varied, generally palmately compound with three ovate leaflets that are shiny green when young, becoming dull green as they mature and may have a reddish tinge and black specks, turning red in the fall.

Flower - Clusters of tiny white flowers at leaf axils, fruit is a small white berry-like waxy drupe.

Virgina creeper  (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia Creeper - Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Family - Vitaceae

Habitat - Hammocks, Floodplain forests, Coastal areas, Flatwoods.

Description - Native, deciduous perennial vine. Leaves are palmately compound with five toothed leaflets. Foliage turns red in fall before dropping. Often confused with Poison Ivy which has 3 palmately arranged leaflets.

Flower - Inconspicuous, fruits a black or bluish-black berry.

Balsampear (Momordica charantia L) Balsam apple fruit

Bitter melon, Balsam apple - Momordica charantia

Family - Cucurbitaceae

Habitat - Ruderal, fence-lines, Hammocks, Orange groves.

Description - Introduced annual creeping or climbing herbaceous vine. Leaves alternate, deeply palmately cut with five to seven lobes, may be hairy or smooth, margins usually toothed. Often appears as a yard weed and can be quite persistent if allowed to self seed. A related specie, Momordica balsamina L. is sometimes cultivated.

Flower - A solitary yellow flower is produced on stalks, produces an egg shaped, ribbed fruit with a bumpy surface, 3-4 inches long, golden yellow to bright orange, splitting open when mature to reveal bright red arils which contain seeds.

Lovevine, Devils Gut (Cassytha filiformis)

Lovevine, Dodder - Cassytha filiformis

Family - Lauraceae

Habitat - Sandhill, Scrub, Pinelands, Hammocks

Description - Common native herbaceous vine is frequently seen growing on oaks, Love vine is a true parasitic plant. Once it has attached itself to a host plant it detaches from its root and will eventually kill the host. It is seldom invasive as it is generally selective to certain host species. Leaves are small scales, not noticeable to the naked eye.

Flower - Tiny white flowers clustered on short spikes. Fruit is a 1/4 in. diameter, round fleshy berry.

Laurel Greenbriar (Smilax laurifolia)

Laurel Greenbriar, Bamboo Vine - Smilax laurifolia

Family - Smilacaceae

Habitat - Pine Flatwoods, margins of ponds, lakes and creek banks, usually on moist sandy soils.

Description - Native, evergreen climbing vine with many small thorns on the stems. Leaves are simple, alternate, lanceolate with entire margins, mid-vein raised on lower leaf surfaces.

Flower - Clusters of pale greenish-white flowers followed by green berries that are shiny black when mature.

Earleaf Greenbrier (Smilax auriculata)

Common Greenbrier - Smilax auriculata

Family - Smilacaceae

Habitat - Oak Scrub, Flatwoods, Coastal Strand, Hammocks

Description - Native evergreen vine, climbing by tendrils with somewhat sparse, small thorns on stem. Alternate leaves are primarily oblong, sometimes ovate to lanceolate, entire margins with veins on lower leaf surface raised.

Flower - Clusters of green to yellowish-green flowers, year-round in S. Florida. Fruit is a glaucous reddish berry that turns deep purple when mature.

Saw greenbrier leaf (Smilax bona-nox) Saw greenbrier stem thorns (Smilax bona-nox)

Saw greenbrier - Smilax bona-nox

Family - Smilacaceae

Habitat - Wet to dry Flatwoods, Hammocks, Scrub throughout the state.

Description - Florida native vine, distinguished from other Similax sp. by leaves having prominent prickles along margins. Leaves are variable in shape and may or may not have lighter yellowish splotches on surface. Stems to over 20 feet with numerous sharp thorns to 1/4 inch long.

Muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia)

Muscadine Grape - Vitis rotundifolia

Family - Vitaceae

Habitat - Dry to moist flatwoods, floodplains and bottomland forests.

Description - Native climbing vine to over 60 feet long. Leaves are alternate, simple, cordate with dentate margins. Can be distinguished from other native grapes by the un-branched tendrils with which it climbs.

Flower - 1 1/4 to 3 inch clusters of green flowers from spring to early summer. Fruit is a 3/8 inch or slightly larger berry, reddish to black.

Summer Grape (Vitis aestivalis)

Calusa Grape - Vitis shuttleworthii

Family - Vitaceae

Habitat - Moist Hammocks, bottomland forests

Description - Native climbing vine with alternate simple leaves, occasionally with 3-5 lobes, margins entire or bluntly toothed. Lower surfaces of leaves are white to rusty brown pubescent.

Flower - Clusters of small greenish flowers, followed by deep red to purplish-black rounded berry.

Vine Galleries - 1 2 3 4

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