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Wild Florida Vines

Vine Galleries - 1 2 3 4

On this page - Sensitive Briar, Puncture Weed, Climbing Hempvine, Ocean Blue Morning-Glory, Noyau Vine, Bleeding Heart Vine, Hairy Indigo, White Twinevine, Air Potato, Spurred Butterfly-pea, Trumpet Honeysuckle

Click any image for a larger version

Image - Sensitive briar vine (Mimosa microphylla)

Catclaw Mimosa - Mimosa quadrivalvis L. var. floridana

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Sandhill, Scrub, Flatwoods

Description - Native, perennial, a trailing semi-woody vine to 4 feet or more with ribbed stems and small re-curved thorns. Bipinnate compound leaves fold closed when touched, hence the name Sensitive Briar.

Habitat - Sandhill, Scrub, Flatwoods.

Flower- Pink, 3/4 inch in diameter, with bright yellow tipped stamens.

Puncture Weed (Tribulus cistoids) Puncture weed fruit (Tribulus cistoids)

Puncture Weed, Burr-nut - Tribulus cistoides

Family - Zygophyllaceae

Habitat - Sandy areas, disturbed sites, common roadside plant.

Description - Introduced. Perennial Vine, Sub-shrub, Forb, herb. Mat forming, 2-8 inches in height, leaves pinnately compound.

Flower - Yellow, 1 1/2-2 inches across, fruit is a spiny brown nut.

Climbing Hempvine (Mikania scandens)

Climbing Hempvine - Mikania scandens

Family - Asteraceae

Habitat - Open areas of moist Flatwoods, Prairies

Description - Native low climbing or twining herbaceous vine. Leaves are opposite, cordate (heart shaped), acuminate to near 5 inches long.

Flower - Clusters of numerous white, rayless flowers.

Image - Ocean Blue Morning Glory (Ipomoea indica)

Ocean Blue Morning-Glory - Ipomoea indica

Family - Convolvulaceae

Habitat - Coastal strand, coastal hammocks.

Description - Native Florida annual or perennial vine.

Flower - Deep blue to purple, funnel shaped to 3 1/2 inches wide.

Noyau Vine (Merremia dissecta)

Noyau vine, Alamo vine - Merremia dissecta

Family - Convolvulaceae

Habitat - Ruderal

Description - Native status of this plant is uncertain. Twining vine with hirsute stems, leaves are deeply palmately lobed.

Flower - 3-4 inch white tubular flower with reddish center

Bleeding Heart Vine (Clerodendrum thomsoniae) Bleeding Heart Vine (Clerodendrum thomsoniae) closeup Clerodendrum thomsoniae

Bleeding Heart Vine - Clerodendrum thomsoniae

Family - Lamiaceae

Habitat - Ruderal, escapes from cultivation in the southern part of the state.

Description - Not native, introduced perennial twining vine to 20 feet or more in length. Leaves are alternate, ovate to slightly cordate with entire margins.

Flower - Clusters of flowers with crimson red petals, equal or slightly larger white or sometimes purplish sepals. Long protruding (exserted) stamens.

Hairy Indigo (Indigofera hirsuta L.) Hairy Indigo detail (Indigofera hirsuta L.)

Hairy Indigo - Indigofera hirsuta

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Ruderal, Flatwoods

Description - Not Native, Introduced. Annual, prostrate or climbing to 36 inches in height. Leaves pinnately compound with elliptic leaflets.

Flower - Typical pea-like, pinkish-red flowers.

White Twinevine White Twinevine flower head White Twinevine flower (Sarcostemma clausum)

White Twinevine - Sarcostemma clausum

Family - Apocynaceae

Habitat - Hammocks, Coastal strand, shell mounds, ruderal

Description - Native perennial twining vine. Variable opposite leaves, ovate to lanceolate

Flower - Clusters of fragrant 1/2 inch white flowers having 5 hairy petals.

Spurred butterfly-pea (Centrosema virginianum (L.) Benth) Spurred butterfly-pea detail

Spurred butterfly-pea - Centrosema virginianum

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Open areas of Hammocks, Wet Pinelands, Margins of Wet Prairies on moist sandy soils.

Description - Climbing, twining vine, grows to 6 feet or more in length, trifoliate leaves with lanceolate leaflets. The 1 inch or slightly larger flowers vary in color from lavender to white. Blooms from spring through fall. Fruit is a flattened pod.

Image - Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens L) leaf Image - Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens L) flower

Trumpet Honeysuckle, Coral Honeysuckle - Lonicera sempervirens

Family - Caprifoliaceae

Habitat - Open sunny areas of upland forests on well drained soils throughout Florida

Description - Native, woody, perennial twining or trailing vine, deciduous where freezes occur, otherwise evergreen. Leaves are elliptic, opposite, simple, with entire margins. Upper leaf surface is green and smooth, undersides appear whitish. Trumpet Honeysuckle has bright red, 2 inch tubular flowers are borne in terminal clusters and are very attractive to Butterflies & Hummingbirds. The fruit is a small (1/4 inch) red to orange berry which is a favorite of songbirds.

Vine Galleries - 1 2 3 4

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