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Wild Florida Vines

Vine Galleries - 1 2 3 4

On this page - Cross- vine, Rosary pea, Bay bean, Railroad vine, Air potato, Latexplant, Cheese plant, Corky-stem Passion vine, Milkweed vine

Click any image for a larger version

Cross vine flowers (Bignonia capreolata) Cross vine (Bignonia capreolata)

Cross Vine, Trumpet Flower

Bignonia capreolata L.

Family - Bignoniaceae

Habitat - Floodplains, moist woodland sites

Description - Fast growing, woody stemmed, semi-evergreen Florida native vine to 40-50 feet long, climbing by tendrils which arise between the two leaflets of the pinnately compound leaves. Colorful 2 - 3 inch trumpet shaped flowers appear in spring in various combinations of red, yellow and orange. Attracts Hummingbirds, fruit is a flattened bean-like capsule, 5-9 inches long containing winged seeds. Flowers are similar in appearance to those of the Trumpet creeper vine which has compound leaves with 7 - 15 leaflets.

Rosary pea, Crab's eye

Abrus precatorius

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Ruderal, Flatwoods, Hammocks

Description - Introduced, category 1 invasive species. Extremely poisonous, the distinctive red and black seeds of this vine can be fatal if eaten. Climbing, twining or trailing vine with alternate, compound leaves having 5-15 pairs of oval to oblong leaflets with entire margins.

Flower - Pea-like white to reddish flowers in dense clusters at leaf axils. Fruit is a short oblong pod which splits open at maturity to reveal the scarlet and black seeds.

 

Bay bean, Seaside bean

Canavalia rosea

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Coastal strand, Dunes

Description - Native sprawling or climbing herbaceous vine. Leaves are compound with 3 rounded leaflets, 3-4 inches long.

Flower - Purplish to pinkish-rose colored typical pea-like flowers on long, erect spikes, fruit is a flat pod 4 to 6 inches long. Flowers throughout the year.

Railroad Vine, Beach Morning Glory

Ipomoea pes-caprae

Family - Convolvulaceae

Habitat - Coastal strand, Upper beach & dunes

Description - This native vine is common to the dunes of coastal South Florida. A pioneer dune plant, the Railroad vine produces long (75 ft.) runners with deep roots, colonizing and helping to stabilize the upper beach and dune against erosion. Leaves are simple, alternate, elliptical to nearly cordate with lobed bases & notched tips. Salt and drought tolerant.

Flower - Railroad vine flowers in summer and fall, has funnel shaped flowers that are pale lavender to purple with darker throats. Fruit is a rounded, 1/2 inch diameter pod.

Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) Air potato leaf (Dioscorea bulbifera)

Air potato

Dioscorea bulbifera

Family - Dioscoreaceae

Habitat - Margins of forests, particularly in moist areas

Description - Introduced invasive twining vine, fast growing to 60 70 feet, covering and shading out native plants. Long stalked, cordate alternate leaves to 8 inches long with palmately arranged veins. Produces aerial tubers from leaf axils from which new plants develop.

Flower - Usually not present in Florida.

Latexplant, Milkweed vine, Strangler vine

Morrenia odorata

Family - Apocynaceae

Native to S. America this perennial, twining, climbing vine has greenish white flowers and produces large pods that split open at maturity, releasing hundreds of seeds with tiny silken hairs that aid in dispersal by the wind. Leaves are cordate to hastate, new growth and stems are grey-green in color and pubescent. This vine is a pest in orange groves, in fact it was first found in a Florida orange grove in 1957, though how it got there remains a mystery.

Image of Redgal, Cheese Shrub (Morinda royoc) Image - Cheese Shrub flowers (Morinda royoc).jpg Image o f Cheese plant flower Image - Cheese Shrub (Morinda royoc) fruit

Cheese plant, Indian mulberry, Redgal, Mouse's pineapple

Morinda royoc

Family - Rubiaceae

A woody stemmed, native vine with a spreading shrub-like habit of growth. Found in coastal hammocks & coastal strand habit of the peninsula this plant has a high salt and drought tolerance. Grows in full sun to moderate shade, stems reach to about 10 feet.

Common names are derived from its fruit which is a syncarp (like a mulberry) and has a cheesy smell when bruised or broken open. Leaves are 4-5 inches long, dark green and primarily obovate in shape with entire margins. Small white flowers with 6 petals are produced year-round, the Cheese plant is a nectar source for many butterflies.

Corky-stem Passionvine flower (Passiflora suberosa) Corky-stem Passionvine (Passiflora suberosa) Corky-stem Passionvine fruit (Passiflora suberosa)

Corky-stem Passionvine
(Passiflora suberosa L.)

Family - Passifloraceae

The Corky-stem Passionvine is a Florida native vine named for the older stems that have a thick "corky" look to them. A low growing, climbing vine with stems 2 or more feet in length. Prefers shady locations but will grow in full sun, often spreading to create large patches.

This passion-vine can be found growing from inland Pineland forests to the Hammocks and shell middens near the coast on rich to nutrient poor sandy soils with a moderate amount of moisture.

Leaves are widely variable in shape, may have entire or lobed margins and are 1 1/2 to 4 inches long with conspicuous glands on the petioles or leaf stems . Flowers are somewhat showy but are small and are a pale greenish to yellowish in color. Fruit is a green, dime sized and many seeded berry, turning bluish-black at maturity. Birds love the fruit and Butterflies including the Florida state Butterfly, the Zebra Longwing use this vine as a larval host plant.

Vine Galleries - 1 2 3 4

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