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Cross Vine, Trumpet Flower
Bignonia capreolata L.
Family - Bignoniaceae
Habitat - Floodplains, moist woodland sites
Description - Fast growing, woody stemmed, semi-evergreen Florida native vine to
40-50 feet long, climbing by tendrils which arise between the two leaflets of
the pinnately compound leaves. Colorful 2 - 3 inch trumpet shaped flowers appear
in spring in various combinations of red, yellow and orange. Attracts
Hummingbirds, fruit is a flattened bean-like capsule, 5-9 inches long containing
winged seeds. Flowers are similar in appearance to those of the Trumpet creeper
vine which has compound leaves with 7 - 15 leaflets.
Rosary pea, Crab's eye
Family - Fabaceae
Habitat - Ruderal, Flatwoods, Hammocks
Description - Introduced, category 1 invasive species. Extremely poisonous, the
distinctive red and black seeds of this vine can be fatal if eaten.
Climbing, twining or trailing vine with alternate, compound leaves having
5-15 pairs of oval to oblong leaflets with entire margins.
Flower - Pea-like white to reddish flowers in dense clusters at leaf axils.
Fruit is a short oblong pod which splits open at maturity to reveal the scarlet
and black seeds.
Bay bean, Seaside bean
Family - Fabaceae
Habitat - Coastal strand, Dunes
Description - Native sprawling or climbing herbaceous vine. Leaves are compound
with 3 rounded leaflets, 3-4 inches long.
Flower - Purplish to pinkish-rose colored typical pea-like flowers on long,
erect spikes, fruit is a flat pod 4 to 6 inches long. Flowers throughout the
Railroad Vine, Beach Morning Glory
Family - Convolvulaceae
Habitat - Coastal strand, Upper beach & dunes
Description - This native vine is common to the dunes of coastal South Florida.
A pioneer dune plant, the Railroad vine produces long (75 ft.) runners with deep
roots, colonizing and helping to stabilize the upper beach and dune against
erosion. Leaves are simple, alternate, elliptical to nearly cordate with lobed
bases & notched tips. Salt and drought tolerant.
Flower - Railroad vine flowers in summer and fall, has funnel shaped flowers
that are pale lavender to purple with darker throats. Fruit is a rounded, 1/2
inch diameter pod.
Family - Dioscoreaceae
Habitat - Margins of forests, particularly in moist areas
Description - Introduced invasive twining vine, fast growing to 60 70 feet,
covering and shading out native plants. Long stalked, cordate alternate leaves
to 8 inches long with palmately arranged veins. Produces aerial tubers from leaf
axils from which new plants develop.
Flower - Usually not present in Florida.
Latexplant, Milkweed vine, Strangler vine
Family - Apocynaceae
Native to S. America this perennial, twining, climbing vine has greenish white
flowers and produces large pods that split open at maturity, releasing hundreds
of seeds with tiny silken hairs that aid in dispersal by the wind. Leaves are
cordate to hastate, new growth and stems are grey-green in color and pubescent.
This vine is a pest in orange groves, in fact it was first found in a Florida
orange grove in 1957, though how it got there remains a mystery.
Cheese plant, Indian mulberry, Redgal, Mouse's pineapple
Family - Rubiaceae
A woody stemmed, native vine with a spreading shrub-like habit of growth. Found
in coastal hammocks & coastal strand habit of the peninsula this plant has a
high salt and drought tolerance. Grows in full sun to moderate shade, stems
reach to about 10 feet.
Common names are derived from its fruit which is a syncarp (like a mulberry) and
has a cheesy smell when bruised or broken open. Leaves are 4-5 inches long, dark
green and primarily obovate in shape with entire margins. Small white flowers
with 6 petals are produced year-round, the Cheese plant is a nectar source for
(Passiflora suberosa L.)
The Corky-stem Passionvine is a Florida native vine named for the older stems
that have a thick "corky" look to them. A low growing, climbing vine with stems
2 or more feet in length. Prefers shady locations but will grow in full sun,
often spreading to create large patches.
This passion-vine can be found growing from inland Pineland forests to the
Hammocks and shell middens near the coast on rich to nutrient poor sandy soils
with a moderate amount of moisture.
Leaves are widely variable in shape, may have entire or lobed margins and are 1
1/2 to 4 inches long with conspicuous glands on the petioles or leaf stems .
Flowers are somewhat showy but are small and are a pale greenish to yellowish in
color. Fruit is a green, dime sized and many seeded berry, turning bluish-black
at maturity. Birds love the fruit and Butterflies including the Florida state
Butterfly, the Zebra Longwing use this vine as a larval host plant.